U.S. Senator Dan Sullivan of Alaska once said: "Icebreakers are the main road in the Arctic. Russia has super highways, but we (the United States) have mud roads full of potholes." (Note 2) The argument has its origins. If we line up the icebreakers owned by the United States and Russia with the shipbuilding plans they are promoting, there is indeed a big gap between the two sides. Statistics on the number of icebreakers in Russia Statistics on the number of icebreakers in various countries｜Photo Credit: provided by Xu Ruiyang Russia has the world's largest icebreaker fleet and is the only country operating nuclear-powered icebreakers.
More than 40 ships are currently in service, accounting for more than half of all polar icebreakers in the world. Among them, there are 4 heavy photo retouching service nuclear-powered icebreakers, namely the Arktika-class "Yamal", the "50 Let Pobedy" and the Taymyr-class "Taymyr", " Vaygach. In addition, there is a nuclear-powered transport ship "Sevmorput" with an icebreaker bow, all of which are owned by "Russian Atomic Energy Shipping" (hereinafter referred to as Rosatomflot), a subsidiary of Russia's state atomic energy company Rosatom. In addition, the Russian authorities launched the "Project 22220" nuclear-powered icebreaker construction project in 2012, and the "Arktika" (Arktika), "Siberia" (Sibir), "Ural" were prepared at the Baltic Shipyard in St. Petersburg.
(Ural) and other three heavy-duty nuclear-powered icebreakers, all three of which have been launched and will be delivered from this (2020) to 2022. Rosatomflot is also actively involved in the preparation of the "Leader", the icebreaker is aimed at traversing the thickest ice in the Arctic region. When the "Leader" begins service (expected in 2027), Russia will achieve its dream of navigating the Northern Sea Route year-round. Russia is in full swing to build icebreakers, no doubt in order to achieve the goal set by Vladimir Putin in 2019 that "by 2035, there must be 13 heavy icebreakers (9 of which are nuclear-powered icebreakers) . "